SMURD is an emergency rescue service based in Romania. The name is the Romanian acronym for "Serviciul Mobil de Urgențǎ, Reanimare și Descarcerare", which means Mobile Emergency Service for Resuscitation and Extrication. It was created and has been coordinated since its inception by doctor Raed Arafat. The first SMURD unit was created in Târgu Mureș, a city in the center of Transylvania, in 1990. One of the notable co-founders is the Romanian-born, French citizen, Dr Adrian Lobontiu, a surgeon who worked 20 years in France and since 2012 based in San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States of America.