The German Shepherd Dog, commonly referred to as the German Shepherd or, more colloquially, as simply the Shepherd; sometimes known in Britain and other British Commonwealth countries as the Alsatian or much less frequently as the Alsatian Wolf-Dog (both former breed names of The Kennel Club, UK, and other national clubs); and sometimes called the Police Dog which was a popular breed name in USA where it was original named the German Sheepdog, is a breed of dog that originated in Germany where it has been known since its founding as the deutsche Schäferhund, (German pronunciation: [ˈʃɛːfɐˌhʊnt]). German Shepherds are a relatively new breed of dog, with their origin dating to 1899. They are working dogs developed originally for herding and tending sheep, and are found in most Breed Standards under Herding Group, Pastoral Group, Working Group, etc. Since that time, however, because of their strength, intelligence, trainability and obedience, German Shepherds around the world are often the preferred breed for many types of work, including search-and-rescue, police and military roles and even acting. German Shepherds are the second-most popular dog in the United States and fourth-most popular in the United Kingdom.