Sfatul Țării (Country Council; Romanian pronunciation: [ˈsfatul ˈt͡sərij]) was a council that united political, public, cultural, and professional organizations in the greater part of the territory of the Governorate of Bessarabia in the disintegrating Russian Empire, which proclaimed the Moldavian Democratic Republic as part of the Russian Federative Republic in December 1917, and then union with Romania in April (according to the old style, March) 1918.
At the beginning of the 20th century, following the disintegration of the Russian Empire after the revolution of February 1917, many personalities (Gherman Pântea, Anton Crihan, Pan Halippa, Constantin Stere...) campaigned for a rapprochement of Bessarabia with neighboring Romania, which was done through the proclamation of the Union of the Moldavian Democratic Republic (the name taken by autonomous Bessarabia after the Russian Revolution) and Romania, signed in April 1918.. Read more..
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