On April 9 1918, the Sfatul Țării, or National Council, of Bessarabia proclaimed union with the Kingdom of Romania. The Romanian prime-minister at the time, Alexandru Marghiloman, was to admit however that the unification was decided in Romania, as the Moldavian leaders Daniel Ciugureanu and Ion Inculeț, aware of the widespread distrust of Romanian rule, feared an overt annexation would lead to a revolutionary situation.
At the beginning of the 20th century, following the disintegration of the Russian Empire after the revolution of February 1917, many personalities (Gherman Pântea, Anton Crihan, Pan Halippa, Constantin Stere...) campaigned for a rapprochement of Bessarabia with neighboring Romania, which was done through the proclamation of the Union of the Moldavian Democratic Republic (the name taken by autonomous Bessarabia after the Russian Revolution) and Romania, signed on April 9, 1918. Previously, the autonomy and then the independence of the Moldavian Democratic Republic was proclaimed in Chişinău respectively on December 2, 1917 and January 24, 1918 by a legislative assembly called "Sfatul Ţării" ("Country Council").. Read more..
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